Lychee fruit comes from the Litchi chinensis tree and is in the monotypic genus Litchi, meaning it is the only species in the genus. Lychees are a standout amongst the most eminent fruits of the world. Today they are developed on each mainland but Antarctica and they are celebrated internationally as the “King of Fruits.” They can best be portrayed as having the kind of passionfruit and grapes with the fragrance of a red rose. These fruit are very addictive.
Scientific name: Litchi chinensis
Common name: Lychee
How to grow and maintain Lychee:
Test the soil with a pH test kit before planting the lychee seeds. Lychee trees do best in an acidic soil with a pH around 5.5, but they will grow in soils with a pH as high as 7.5.
Keep in pot until late March or early April, and bring in if there is going to be a frost or freeze. Then the tree can be planted in the ground in a sunny location. While in the container, water every day, and once in the ground water every day until the root system is well established.
Lychee trees are moderately drought tolerant. However, newly planted lychee trees should be irrigated regularly during establishment. In the home landscape, trees will
perform well without supplemental irrigation after trees are established.
Fertilization: Use only a balanced organic fertilizer (very important), and fertilize lightly in spring and summer. If you want to speed the growth of the tree, fertilize more often. Do not plant other plants underneath lychee for the root system is very close to the surface and could be damaged. Conversely, mulch under the tree with a good native mulch or leaf mold.
The fruit grow in clusters on a branch. Cut the entire cluster when harvesting. This will also promote new growth and fruiting for the next year.