The pomegranate is a large shrub, measuring less than 15 feet in cultivation
although it can reach 30 feet in the wild. More frequently in the wild, the pomegranate is a shrub. Under cultivation, it is still best grown as a shrub but can
be pruned into a single-trunk tree. The pomegranate lives to a very old age–there
are documents attesting to trees that lived 300 years. Older trees tend to loose their
vigor and production declines after about 25 years.
A tree is usually kept to 3-6 trunks for fruit production. They tend to sucker
around the base. These need to be removed, though they can be used as cuttings for
propagation if you chose not to discard them. The trunks are more or less round,
erect, with alternate open branches somewhat prickly at the end. The ageing bark
shows cracks and takes on a grayish color and may appear knotted and twisted.
The bark had long been used in traditional medicine, and neutraceutical companies
now are exploiting bark and rind for the alkaloids they contain. The shrub itself
varies in appearance from drooping to erect depending on variety and growing
conditions, though the majority are erect.
Scientific Name: Punica granatum.
Common Name: pomegranate.
How to maintain pomegranate Plant:
The fall sun and warmness come as the best conditions for growing pomegranate trees.
Allow the soil to dry slightly before watering your pomegranate tree. Water thoroughly, saturating the soil. Allow excess water to draing through the drain holes.
Plant your pomegranate in early spring after the last ice. Delicately expel the seedling from the compartment. Wash around an inch (2.5cm) of the base of the root ball to expel any overabundance preparing medium. Doing this will help the plant build up itself speedier than plants exchanged straight from the nursery holder to the ground. Burrow an opening two feet (60 cm) profound and wide and put the pomegranate seedling into the gap. On the off chance that you are developing the plant from a cutting, release the dirt and plant the pomegranate branch vertically so that the slice end is around five to six inches (12.5 to 15cm) down in the dirt, with the torpid buds indicating up towards the sky. Likewise, ensure that you tidy the plant with an attaching hormone to help root improvement.
Water the pomegranate quickly subsequent to planting it. Doing this settles the dirt around the recently planted pomegranate. After the underlying watering, water the plant day by day until it starts to develop new clears out. New leaf development is the sign that your plant as subsided into its new home. Step by step move to watering your plant each seven to ten days. At the point when the tree is blossoming or delivering natural product, give the plant a decent, profound watering each week. On the off chance that it downpours, you don’t have to water it very to such an extent.
Prepare the pomegranate tree once it has turned out to be set up. Ammonium sulfate manure functions admirably for pomegranates. Sprinkle about of a measure of manure three circumstances all through the principal year of development (February, May and September are perfect circumstances).