Philodendron pogonocaule – Indoor Plants

Philodendron pogonocaule is an ornamental, climbing epiphyte or terrestrial large vine that grows up to 60 inches tall. The stems are 39 inches long with short internodes, longer than broad, 2–6 cm wide, 3–4 cm long on older stem, 6–10 cm long on branches, medium to dark green, semi-glossy, becoming brown with short raised striations, becoming closely transverse-fissured, cataphylls pinkish to medium to dark green, soon dark red-brown, reddish at base, terete and unribbed when young to sharply D-shaped with 2 ribs when mature, glossy, semi-intact, marcescent then persistent in dense abundant mass, the fibers pale.

Peduncle white to medium green, finely pale white-striate throughout, whitish-streaked outside, and spathe are pink to violet to red or reddish-brown on inside and pink or white or greenish on back, maroon on the front, on outside, sometimes with longitudinal violet strips, sometimes streaked pale green at the base.

It is perfectly suited for your home or office. According to the NASA Clean Air Study, the Philodendron filters indoor air pollution, particularly formaldehyde. It is toxic to dogs, cats. So keep it away from your pets and children.

Scientific classification:

Family: Araceae
Genus: Philodendron
Species: P. pogonocaule
Scientific Name: Philodendron pogonocaule Madison

How to grow and maintain Philodendron pogonocaule


It thrives best in bright indirect sunlight. Never put your philodendron plant in direct sun. Also, it can survive in low light conditions.


It grows well in well-drained sandy soil. A mix of 2 parts peat and 1 part perlite and maybe a bit of added sand is a good choice.


It requires a minimum temperature of 70 degrees Fahrenheit to 80 degrees Fahrenheit / 24 degrees Celsius to 27 degrees Celsius during the daytime and above 55 degrees Fahrenheit (13ºC) at night.


Water regularly, during spring through fall. Keep soil moist but not soggy. Keep soil moist but not soggy. During the winter season, reduce watering and only water the plant when the top inch of soil dries out between each watering.


Fertilize monthly spring through fall with a balanced liquid fertilizer diluted by half.


Philodendron pogonocaule can be easily propagated from stem-cutting and air-layering. Take stem cuttings in spring or early summer. It roots easily when the stem placed in water or moist soil.


Tolerant of dry air, but likes humidity. Mist foliage occasionally. Brown leaf tips are a side effect of dry air.

Pests and Diseases

Philodendron pogonocaule has no serious pest or disease problems. The plant may be attacked by pests such as scale insects.

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